James Montgomery „Jimmy” Doohan ( ; March 3, 1920 – July 20, 2005) was a Canadian character actor and voice actor best known for his role as Montgomery „Scotty” Scott in the television and series Star Trek. Doohan’s characterization of the Scottish Chief Engineer of the Starship Enterprise was one of the most recognizable elements in the Star Trek franchise, for which he also made several contributions behind the scenes; for example, he contributed to developing the Klingon and Vulcan languages. Many of the characterizations, mannerisms, and expressions that he established for Scotty and other Star Trek characters have become entrenched in popular culture. Following his success with Star Trek, he supplemented his income and made numerous public appearances. His portrayal of Scotty inspired many fans to pursue careers in engineering and other technical fields.